Monday, 13 July 2015
REVISITING THE TREND OF VARIOUS DIMENSIONS OF INEQUALITY IN INDONESIA
By: Arief Anshory Yusuf
Since the start of the “New Order” government, up to and prior to the 1997 Indonesian economic crisis, it has brought about increase in income per capita by almost four times.
The increasing income of the average Indonesian has also been accompanied by outstanding reduction in poverty. Number of poor people fell from 54.2 million people in
1976 (40.1% of total population) to become 22.5 million people (11.3% of total population) in 1996 (Alisjahbana et al., 2003).
The objectives of this paper is to revisit the trend of various dimensions of inequality in Indonesia from early 1990s to early 2010s. As a framework, inequality is divided into inequality of outcome and inequality of opportunity. The indicator that is assessed for inequality of outcome are various inequality of expenditure while the inequality of opportunity is measured by the gap of education outcome and health indicator for various groups in society such as urban‐rural areas, gender, as well as income classes.
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